No surprises here. This study looks at outcomes after major elective abdominal surgery ~500 patients on chronic opiates vs ~1900 opioid naive patients from a single center from 2008-2014.
9.2% higher costs, 12.4% longer LOS (5.9 vs 5.2 days), higher complication rate (20% vs 16%), more readmits (10% vs 6%), without a difference to discharge destination (home, SNF, etc).
On one hand, you play the hand youre given – you help the patient the best way you can. But, what if that means you detox them first? It will be interesting to see if some providers go to that extreme. Especially if they (or hospitals) are not reimbursed at a higher rate to take on the added risk / LOS / bounceback rates. I know of orthopaedics refusing surgery based on a patients weight – I can envision a scenario in which the (currently) heavily-stigmatized opiate addicted patient is deemed unfit for non-emergent surgery so that facilities and providers retain their “5 star” ratings for various non-emergent surgical procedures to gain the insurance dollars of the “educated consumer”.
Sigh. This is quite the ethical pickle.
Next question – does this spill into EM? Should we withhold 1-2 doses of opiates for fear of worse outcomes? A perforated viscous seems like a good indication for opiates if ever there was one.